Did the Romans live better than us? | Quality of Life 

Filaxim Historia
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In this video, we cover the lives of 3 REAL individuals who lived and died in 3 separate social classes. We found a way to recreate their salaries and living expenses as accurately as possible, and put it in a simple video packed with unexpected pleasures and tragedies…
We would greatly appreciate any support you would like to give this channel, as it will help our small team create more quality content for you in the future! Patreon: www.patreon.com/FilaximHistoria
Primary sources:
-Inscriptiones Graecae, XII, III, 343. -BCH 188o, 336-8. -CIL V, 895: lupa.at/14019
-Lactantius, De Mortibus Persecutorum.
Secondary Sources:
-Allen, R. “How prosperous were the Romans? The evidence of Diocletian’s Price Edict (AD 301).” A. K. Bowman and A. I. Wilson, eds., Quantifying the Roman economy: methods and problems, Oxford, 2009, 327-45.
-Barnes, T. D. The New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine. Harvard: Harvard University Press, 1982.
-Corcoran, S. The empire of the Tetrarchs: imperial pronouncements and government AD 284-324, Oxford, 2000, 205-33.
-Goffart, W. Caput and Colonate: Towards a history of Late Roman Taxation. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1974.
-Jones, A.H.M. “Census Records of the Later Roman Empire”, The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 43, 1953, 49-64.
-Kropff, A. An English translation of the Edict on Maximum Prices, also known as
the Price Edict of Diocletian.
-Williams, Stephen. Diocletian and the Roman Recovery.New York: Routledge, 1997.
Intro (0:00)
Tenant Farmer (1:38)
Soldier (6:58)
Aristocrat (12:51)




5 Jun 2023



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Filaxim Historia
We hope you enjoyed the video as much as we enjoyed making it. Make sure you make it to the Aristocrat's lavish feast at 20:24!
Ticius Vor 7 Monate
очень интересно и познавательно, но не могли бы вы уточнить цены на покупку, рент дома, квартиры, комнаты и стоимость лошади
Fish Vor 2 Monate
ppl didn't change a lot for the last 2k yrs.
Gábor Vor 2 Monate
You said that Theodorius works 6 days a week but you didn't say how many hours a day he works.
Fish Vor 2 Monate
@Gábor dusk till dawn, every hour of light was important
Lester Dilworth
Lester Dilworth Vor 2 Monate
Ahh the good old Stronghold 2 soundtrack
Tijl Aerts
Tijl Aerts Vor year
When you look at factors like occupational hazards, working hours, child labor, pollution,... It's quite possible roman plebeans had much better lives than 1800's factory workers.
Tim Matthew
Tim Matthew Vor year
I'm pretty sure Roman plebeian children worked in the fields with their parents.
thewildcard person
@Tim Matthew which wouldn't be much more then basic farming
Tim Matthew
Tim Matthew Vor year
@thewildcard person Farming can be hard labor. Ploughing, for example, is difficult and slightly dangerous.
Mohamed Ramadan
@thewildcard person you have no idea how hard 'basic farming' is because it makes factory work look pathetic. I bet you did not see a farm in your entire life
Tijl Aerts
Tijl Aerts Vor year
@Tim Matthew During sowing and harvest absolutely. not all year round.
Astro_Alphard Vor year
A single income providing for an entire family AND having savings? That's the Millennial dream
Beta Cenaturi
Beta Cenaturi Vor year
Consider they only buy food and sustain the basic needs. They don't have to purchase electronic devices, go bar resturants, internet and telephone connection.
carso1500 Vor year
@Beta Cenaturi shhhh, let them leave in their dream world where a bunch of farmers with no access to modern medicine, entertainment, limited oportunities of growth, no education and limited food options aside from high child mortality somehow had a better lifestyle than modern humans because they could have some savings
Anon Person
Anon Person Vor year
You could do it today. Just live mostly on bread, which you bake yourself. Dont use any electricity, dont travel and wear the same clothes for several years
Michał S
Michał S Vor year
​@carso1500 I'll put my two cents in. The benefits of modern civilization may be quite misleading. We may not have as high infant mortality as in the past but we make up for it with child obesity and myopia epidemics (and also youth depression and suicide rates). We don't have plague and smallpox outbreaks anymore but have HIV pandemics (and sporadic outbreaks of ebola and other extremely deadly pathogens). The modern medicine may be close to cure some forms of cancer but still there are a lot of people that can't afford basic health insurance. There are people outside of western civilization that cannot afford any healthcare at all. We may not have as many wars as in the past but the wars that are yet to come will be far worse than that (think of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, armed drones, rocket launchers, machine guns - last weeks have shown us that the time of relative peace we have now is very fragile, I would rather be an ancient hoplite armed with a spear than a modern soldier or civilian during war getting shot or blown up by a rocket). The rich in the past didn't have many options to hide their wealth or transfer it to other countries - they had to stay with the common people and fight together to save their homeland. The modern rich can say sod off to the people and escape with their fortunes to exotic countries. Also money in the past was linked to tangible goods like gold or silver or even grains. Modern money is not linked to anything tangible. Authorities can indebt whole counties at the expense of the working class to make financial elites even richer. Real estate ownership becomes out of reach for ordinary people. Families are becoming poorer. Children are giver far less options than their parents. During ancient times youth were taught civic virtues and practical knowledge of geometry, rhetorics, law, logic etc. Modern youth is taught that using wrong personal pronouns or peeing while standing up is morally unacceptable, hahaha.
The Saracen
The Saracen Vor year
This type of content is very rare. Most of the other history channels focus on flashy topics like warfare and politics. Thank you for this. You could expand this type of content to other time periods and cultures. Although you should have mentioned how these prices were significantly bloated because of massive inflation and currency debasement
redmanticore Vor 2 Monate
they often focus on that because history of old was often written about the rulers, not of normal people. or at least their records were the best kept ones. but likely historians were hired to write only about the rulers.
Ólafur Pálsson
Ólafur Pálsson Vor 2 Monate
Gotta hand it to Diocletian for having all the items valued and written down in a lot of places. These records are rare.
Conor McMenemie
Conor McMenemie Vor Monat
Have some sympathy for this poor scribe. He must have toiled soullessly like a slave to produce these figures. OTH the tenant farmer will have been better off, since he will have produced his own olive oil and wine, had goats grazing beside his chickens, plus bartered things like leather with his sibs, cousins and in-laws. Wealth is a measure of how we compare to poverty.
Rothchilde6661 Vor 15 Tage
It's actually difficult to track a direct exchange value to the US dollar from the Denari. Because their economy was partially still based on a bartering system, prices would fluctuate with the season, sometimes food was more valuable than actual currency, or if there was a grain shortage which could last years money was worthless if everyone was starving people needed to keep their food.
Andy Knolls
Andy Knolls Vor 2 Monate
Yes I agree, the rising cost of slaves is most troubling.
U A Vor 2 Monate
have you heard of the most expensive sugar produced in the history of the world?
breaker dawn
breaker dawn Vor 2 Monate
I know right can't buy slave cheap these days all of them are too expensive. Looks like I gotta get them myself like the Roman legionnaire did. Anyone up for some raiding?
Unreal69 Vor 2 Monate
@Hunter of Darkness It is tho. Sex trafficking and forced labor still exist. Just because it is illegal sadly doesn’t mean nobody has slaves anymore.
mcpartridgeboy Vor Monat
we need more wars so decrease supply probllems.
@Unreal69 But have you seen the prices?
Dragonfly Vor year
I would really love a cost of living breakdown of any historical period. It's so hard to get a good set of numbers. Middle ages, vikings, industrial revolution, Byzantine, Renaissance Venice, Holy Roman Empire, French Revolution, middle ages middle east, China, feudal Japan, early America, Aztecs. Whatever you may care to put together, I would watch.
Theodore Kaczynski
Theodore Kaczynski Vor 8 Monate
Whatever the specific numbers are, you can bet that our wealth increases dramatically all around the world as you go forwards in time. Nowadays we are all extremely rich. And every person born makes us even richer, it's pretty insane. You would think we are a burden, but we really are a blessing. If we wanted to, no one of us would ever have to go hungry ever again. But even with our stupid conflicts and self sabotage holding us back, we are still growing insanely quick. I've heard that by 2100 we will be about 300% richer than today again, which is almost unfathomable. Once we all start working together, humanity will explode into insane progress never seen before.
Katarina Love
Katarina Love Vor 8 Monate
Didn't once mention africa
Danish Hasan
Danish Hasan Vor 8 Monate
Mauritania is in Africa
Hephaestus 2
Hephaestus 2 Vor 8 Monate
@Katarina Love to which purpose does this comment serve?
Maks FL n4js.
Maks FL n4js. Vor 8 Monate
1st guy: *lives* 2nd guy: *lives and goes to a tavern* 3rd guy: ,,i want this ostrich''
Sean Vor 2 Monate
Sounds about like modern life tbh
Pauldog Vor 2 Monate
@Sean 1st guy: lives 2nd guy: lives and goes to the cinema, gets a takeaway 3rd guy: I want this Bugatti
Sausage Maan
Sausage Maan Vor 2 Monate
@Pauldog what color is your ostritch
Данила Золотарев
Poor 3rd guy, no money left.
Sadam Andler
Sadam Andler Vor 2 Monate
@Sean Everyone nowadays, in Europe and America and many parts of Asia, live waaaaay better than anyone from the past ages and if you disagree with that you should educate yourself more. Obviously they didn’t live like shit back in the days, however non of them had a hot bathtub, a stove, washing machine (all at your own home) enough and affordable clothing, electricity, light, enough food, variety of food, a car, a safe and warm house, …
Mediolanon Vor year
One can only imagine how the modern world would be if politicans at al levels would be held personally liable with their properties as guarantees for any shortcomings. Oh, what a (world) it would be.
PorckChopz Vor year
A perfect world? Impossible.
Al Sanchez
Al Sanchez Vor year
I wish this could be applied to the average worker as well.
Red Terror Productions
wquon2007 Vor year
You may be interested in The Natural Law Institute. It's had some similar takes on this.
the conservative coconut
@Al Sanchez palabra
Joseph Mauck
Joseph Mauck Vor 2 Monate
The first guy was an employee. It sounds weird to read in history books that "all the food he farmed had to go to the landowner and he received a small payment in return", but it's simply employment.
Nick Korkodylas
As modern Greek I can attest I live exactly on Theodorus' budget.
Luca Tonelli
Luca Tonelli Vor 8 Monate
And for sure you cannot sustain a family of three on One wage.
tzavar d
tzavar d Vor 2 Monate
@Luca Tonelli Right now at Greece, we are actually at the point that we need a basic wage of three, to sustain a family of two.
Dr. Ihtam Netu
Dr. Ihtam Netu Vor 2 Monate
I'm in Serbia. Wife is unemployed and we have a 5 yeard old kid. My salary is exactly 2.5 times bigger than average salary here and we live quite modestly since i'm paying a credit for apartment. I wouldn't be able to live if i had less money.
Digiflower5 Vor Monat
This is fascinating, sure the army had a stable income, but he only lived to 40. Really tells ya how much better health care is now.
louis azraels
louis azraels Vor year
The area in which industrialization most impressively reduced prices is clothing (even before manufacturing moved to low labor cost countries). The price of basic clothing in ancient and even medieval times seems ludicrous. For instance the fact that a sturdy wagon costs the same as a plain tunic is hard to comprehend.
Sir Nikkel
Sir Nikkel Vor 11 Monate
Imagine selling clothes at just half the market price while having Victorian Era Automated Looms. Now I get how the first industrialized countries and people got so rich lol
Saber Vor 10 Monate
True but we tend to forget how much work it takes and how difficult it really is to weave and make good quality clothing by hand
Sir Nikkel
Sir Nikkel Vor 10 Monate
Saber Vor 10 Monate
@Sir Nikkel the fuck does that even mean?
Bug Star Cake
Bug Star Cake Vor 3 Monate
amazing that after his civic duties, an opulent gift for his wife, and a MASSIVE feast, Tatianus still has more money to throw around that week than Theodorus is likely to see in a whole year.
U A Vor 2 Monate
Theodorus should have gone to school and become an aristocrat too if he was after the prestige and the wealth. he just didn't have the right mindset for it.
Bug Star Cake
Bug Star Cake Vor 2 Monate
@U A not really the point
Richard Stockton
Historians of AD 4122: "Richard had to spend $100 a week on food, $40-50 on gasoline, $12.75 on internet pornography, $45 for the phone the tax collectors used to spy on him, $25 on ammunition, $10 on lottery tickets, $5 on headache medicine, $10 on coffee, and $100 each for his car loan, credit card interest, insurance, and other things he keeps putting off until they're in collections. Once a year he dropped $1,000 on the delusional belief he was good at playing blackjack." I really hope none of our records survive the centuries.
Jon Etxeberria Rodriguez
Just imagine what they might think of us 😂🤣
A C Vor year
If they browse Wall Street bets they’d develop a strain of contagious aneurysms
Akash Choubey
Akash Choubey Vor year
Brandon Jade
Brandon Jade Vor year
@Jon Etxeberria Rodriguez atleast we arent the egyptians, have you ever heard the story of the competition between the gods horus and osiris?🤢
Anadaere Vor year
@Jon Etxeberria Rodriguez Historians: This is the 21st century, also known as the Century of Strife. From plagues, to risk of all out nuclear warfare, to world wide economic crashing, supermassive volcano eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis to all at the same time, it is safe to say that this is one of the most important turning points in human history. This is the age where humanity proves that even if all things can't possibly get any worse, we persevere and make sure we set new records on all time lows by triggering a nuclear warfare. Humanity only survived due to the efforts of the Swiss Government, who amidst all the chaos retreated to their bunkers and brought out their ancient jewish superweapons and brought all superpowers to heel, and stopped the war
DrK Vor year
Great Video! Looks like even Roman peasants lived better lives than many people in impoverished countries do currently. Also love the Artwork.
Filaxim Historia
Thank you! ;)
bigbad lara
bigbad lara Vor year
Megan Vor 11 Monate
They lived better than I did for 2 years when I was working at Gatwick Airport in England, from the looks of things.
Neo Link
Neo Link Vor 9 Monate
​@Megan How is that possible? We get paid decently in the UK and can get so many luxuries
Ranuel the Bard
Ranuel the Bard Vor 11 Monate
Diocletian’s price list would be a fantastic reference for DMs. Just replace denarii with a silver piece, or copper depending on how much the DM wants things to be worth in their game and you get a list of the prices of hundreds of items in a culture at about the same level that most FRPG worlds are. I wish I'd known about it back when I ran table top games.
Play Together Phoenix
For reference a Roman denarius was a silver coin the size of a modern dime... but in the time of this video it was greatly debased in terms of the silver content
VanessLife Tag Force Special! ♥
Ancient Rome was just a game xD
PMP1337 Vor Monat
My players already accuse me of being expensive. Imagine if I trying to charge 36000 sp for a draft horse.
mindstalk Vor Monat
As mentioned, the coins of this time were very devalued. If you want real silver pieces, maybe divided Diocletian's prices by 25. In Nero's time a soldier might receive 250 denarii a year, plus military support. The Greek drachma was similar to the original Roman denarius, and a drachma/day was good income for a skilled worker; Athenian jury duty paid half a drachma. In actual weight, the drachma was about 4.25 grams of silver -- 100 to a pound! -- while the early denarius was a bit less. D&D coins have tended to 10 or 50 per pound though, 43 grams or 9 grams.
Matthias Vor Monat
​@Play Together Phoenix By the time of Diocletian the Denarius was no longer struck since it had been replaced by the Antoninianus. The amount of silver in the Denarius coins that were still circulating was based on their production year. But you are correct about the large debasement of silver in Roman coins.
N Tesla
N Tesla Vor 2 Monate
This is very educational. You should also make videos about the lives of people in different centuries / countries. Even a video about people living today in different countries would also be entertaining.
Udi Shomer
Udi Shomer Vor year
A few comments about the peasant/farmer: 1. You calculated your example based on one infant child. What about in a few years when they have 3-4-5 children, some of whom are 8-12 years old? 2. A Peasant may have had the option to take some fallen/low quality produce for themselves. 3. Foraging for greens/herbs/fruit/oysters was (and still is) very common in Greece and other mediterranian countries. 4. Hunting small animals via traps would also be an option for someone who lives in the countryside.
Jon Etxeberria Rodriguez
Yes, you are right but this is a snapshot of all the Roman Empire. As you said, there are multiple variants and lots of different scenarios. In this case we followed the sources to the letter. If we started adding stuff for which we have no clear reference the video would lose it's scientific aura and fall into the "what if" realm. Hope that you liked the video :)
Igor O
Igor O Vor year
Kids were not such a problem, as they add work force. 8-12, as you suggest, would be less productive, but still work. By ages 12 to 14, they are already strong enough to work as adults, so they would actually add a lot more to the family income. The idea of teens, or even children, not working is quite modern.
kairon5 Vor year
also, greece, which is where thera is located, was historically one of the richest regions in the roman empire. You would expect a gallic (ancient french) peasant to earn a whole lot less. these children that you mentioned, would help a lot with the farmwork
Mickelodian Surname
Mickelodian Surname Vor 9 Monate
As the growth of the global and known Roman empire's population will tell you... very few children survived to adulthood. The world population grew extremely slowly at this period due mostly to infant mortality.
Matt Vor 8 Monate
There is another thing to add: it would have been relatively rare to buy thread, cloth, or clothes. His wife and any female children would have worked wool, spinning it into thread to weave and sew into garments. The spinning portion took the most time, but even very young children could participate in that. Emperor Augustus even boasted (potentially propagandized) that he wore clothes spun and made by Livia Drusilla rather than purchasing at the market
Derek Sindler
Derek Sindler Vor 7 Tage
Videos like this make you feel connected to history, that human existence is universal through time and cultures
Islar783 Vor year
My grandparents lived for a long time as farmers and some of them have surviving stories of how their grandfathers tended the land and the thing is, that it didn't change much and from what I hear from Theodorus's life it was more or less the same back then. You could argue that machinery existed back in the 1800, but very few in eastern Europe had access to them so it was still land toiling as it was back in the day. Which means a few things for poor Theodorus: 1. The summer and fall were the most prosperous time for him and his family, even if he had to work 12h a day, from sunrise to sundown on a field, he would most likely skip a lot of expenses because fruits and vegetables are plentiful then and most farmers, even those who didn't own any land could easily get their hands on them for next to nothing, so he would be able to save up a lot more money, especially during the harvest when landowners would usually pay extra. 2. Winter is very problematic for a tenant farmer, because there isn't much work to be done, I mean other than chopping firewood, cooking and doing small chores around the house, there isn't much he could do, but live off the money he had earned during the summer and fall and relax. 3. Living as a farmer has its charm and benefits, but it is a very arduous lifestyle. Most of the time there is something to do, a field that need plowing, a crop that needs watering, a weed that needs picking, a load that needs transporting... I am sure that many who live or lived around farms could attest that there is always something to do and I've worked the fields myself, it is not a pleasant experience sitting in the summer heat for ten hours picking up potatoes with your hand and then placing them into sacks...
MackNcD Vor year
It’s not for everyone but the simplicity and direct your-work-is-your-food has an ease to it, namely a joy to the work and a lack of monotony, that the world of specialization doesn’t have. But even among the family members and communities that farm there can be specialization.
Tan Nguyen
Tan Nguyen Vor year
Great point on the seasonal impact on farmer civilizations. This leads me to believe that civilizations in more northern latitudes with colder weather were inclined to raid their southern neighbors for resources to survive the winters or to escape the colder environment. Vikings, Mongols, etc.
Neon Peon
Neon Peon Vor year
My grandparents were farmers and I would stay there often. My grandfather would often sleep on the floor right in front of the furnace (for heating the home) which was right next to the front door. He did this because he would have to get up in the middle of the night every couple of hours to change irrigation flows and he didn't want to wake his wife. He didn't sleep much.
Christian Dauz
The Ancient Sumerians wished they had modern technology to keep out hostile tribes and ensure the vast majority of babies and birth mothers survive!
Azx Vor year
@Neon Peon depends on season. But doing something for yourself has a different motivation then working for others.
Menzobarrenza Vor year
This was super useful to my Worldbuilding for my Dungeons & Dragons setting.
Miles Vor year
RogueCarrot Vor year
super useful for my minecraft world
Jorge Noname
Jorge Noname Vor year
Super useful for my dungeons and dragons Minecraft world
Yanas Khoir
Yanas Khoir Vor year
Isekai story
issoctz Vor year
Quoting homer simpson "neeeeeeeeeeeerd"
fattyMcGee97 Vor year
To be honest, it sounds like living a normal life in the Roman Empire really wasn’t too bad. It also sounds like you could earn a pretty decent wage being a skilled labourer judging by how much some of those items costed
It's bad when our modern day family can't live on a single wage. Even if they try to go bare minimum. Heck, it wasn't too long ago when a family living on single wage was the norm only decades ago
APC 971
APC 971 Vor 11 Monate
You forgot barbarians, violence, a less then 40 years life expectancy, diseases, and watching your children die young. That's assuming you were not a slave, or a woman, or a non citizen. Still compared to how people lived outside the empire it was remarkably good
Neo Link
Neo Link Vor 9 Monate
​@APC 971 I imagine it wouldve been super dope at Rome's peak
Eimantas Butkus
Eimantas Butkus Vor 9 Monate
@SilverHawkScape You can thank doubling the workforce by letting women work, outsourcing of jobs and importing cheap labor.
Paul T Sjordal
Paul T Sjordal Vor Monat
The fact that the tenant farmer can support a family at all shows that they were better off than our working class.
Mary Stone
Mary Stone Vor year
I really enjoy these type of videos! The kind that shows the view from the people, how they actually lived, not just the super-rich or famous that's usually portrayed in history books! Definitely got my sub!
nagi noujeim
nagi noujeim Vor 8 Monate
As you stated, The first guys Theodorus gets a daily food ration ,so the expenses on food should be hugely reduced, making his situation much better… you can easily remove 30/40 dinaris, also he would take some food from the land… it shows u live in a city and do not understand the meaning of having a garden to grow food and veggies… cheers
Sasa Grcevic
Sasa Grcevic Vor 2 Monate
Yeah, its funny how he mentions that but then goes to list all the food they need for a week as family.
qstorius Vor year
Just one observation regarding Theodorus... beeing pesant is not like beeing a xix or xxth century factory worker... there are no 8h factory shifts... some times theodorus would work on a field for 10 h but for majority of the year he would have a much more free time than present day workers... so it is probable that like early modern european pesants he would use that time in meaningfull way like reparing shoes or making table pottery or tanding to animals of his own for extra income
John Paul Cross
Jo Jo 100%, there’s never time for leisure even on a small farm, something’s always breaking or getting lost
Matthew Alexander
Jo Jo "If it was anything like being a rural farmer today" It was not. Farm workers were idle for large portions of the year, and often took up other employment. This is part of why the city of Rome had much less population in late summer. The work you are talking about is the problem of the land owner. The number of workers he would need when not planting or harvesting crops is far less.
My Hentai Girl
@Matthew Alexander yeah Most of modern day farmers own their land so they have to give everything to tend the land....which is not a small task My town grow tobacco and corn....sometime a bad harvest would force them to take a loan which need two good harvest to get rid of the debt Alot of young people left to work in the factory, even if it was 9-10 hours work with minimum wages cause they don't have to worry about work all the time like farmers
TheSanFrancisco SeaHorse
@John Paul Cross It depends how you run your farm too.... as someone who's worked in farms before, I promise you we had some leisure time. And modern farmers do take time off on occasion. But theirs is a more continuous job than most.
Matthew Alexander
@My Hentai Girl Exactly correct. This is one of the things people get wrong about the Industrial Revolution. People moved into the cities to work factory jobs precisely because they paid more and required less work. They seem awful by our modern standards, but they were a blessing to the poor former farmhands.
hyla cinerea
hyla cinerea Vor year
i was never a fan of the roman empire, idk why, but i always gravitated towards other areas of the world or earlier times. but it’s really amazing to see how we can relate to these people who lived so long ago. only .1% of human dna is unique, and so are human experiences
MrWasjig Vor year
This is the kind of history I find uniquely fascinating, the kind of thing we still do today. Budgeting, in this instance.
Plaid PVCPipe
Plaid PVCPipe Vor year
It's very helpful for writers and dungeon masters.
Marko D
Marko D Vor year
This should be fascinating.... But unfortunately its not TRUE
Gábor Rigó
Gábor Rigó Vor year
@Marko D Care to elaborate?
Agni Das
Agni Das Vor year
@Gábor Rigó for starters the description of the diet is completely false. and if you don;t know what people are eating then ... you dunno how they are living
Doug Douglas
Doug Douglas Vor 9 Monate
Excellent! I really enjoyed your video. Insight into the daily life of average Romans is so interesting to me. Good information, obviously well researched, and well presented. Thanks for the effort!
Zeruel3 Vor year
It would be really interesting to do similar videos for different time periods of the Roman Empire, like during the Principate, Dominate and right at the end of the Western Empire (if there are records of suitable individuals) to see how the quality of the working class/peasantry's lifestyles went up and down with the times
Justice Democrat
Justice Democrat Vor 2 Monate
I don't think that's possible.
James Palmer
James Palmer Vor 8 Monate
That was amazing! I was reading Acts 16 last night with my family. I now have a better understanding of why it was worth mentioning Lydia's profession with making purple cloth in Acts 16:14-15.
Mary Valentine
Mary Valentine Vor 2 Monate
And it was a WOMAN making purple cloth! That was radical. I’d like to know more about this Lydia chick.
Myndir Vor Monat
@Mary Valentine Women doing retail or craft labour was not rare in the past, in most societies.
Mary Valentine
Mary Valentine Vor Monat
@Myndir well probably not… But the purple cloth was kind of a big deal. For a woman to be in control of something like that would indeed be rare. It was an extremely valuable commodity.
Fascinating stuff. I love the little details of their lives. I am getting tired of hearing about Caesar and Cleopatra.
tyrrant Vor year
true i know ceasar life better than i know my dads xD
NEKOmancer Vor year
Very true. It's tiring to hear about the scheming of the kings again and again. None of those can relates to daily lives
Fox Vor year
@NEKOmancer it's not supposed to be relatable. It's supposed to tell you why things turned out the way they are, and there the details of the daily lives of the average person don't say much
NEKOmancer Vor year
@Fox nor did I said it's supposed to?
Felipe Lacerda
Hey man, I'm from brazil, I'm an English teacher, and I always use youtube docs (especially about history) to practice my listening... Sir, I don't know how to thank you! Your videos are just so RICH! It's incredible the amount of information!
Filaxim Historia
We are very glad you enjoyed it, and wish you all the best in your teaching career!
Christian Andersen
This is really great info to worldbuilders to have some sort of reference point. Ofc. everything can vary dependent on availability, power dynamics and other viables. Really interesting! Would love to see how it stack up with peasants and serfs at various points during the Middle Ages. Especially after the Black Death there were a disparity of peasants and serfs which gave them a lot more leverage and power, and seeing a breakdown of that like here would be awesome!
*Sweet Chicago GaToR*
No breakdown of expenses during the Black Death era, unfortunately. Sadly, just survival of the fittest.
5heff Paul
5heff Paul Vor 2 Monate
A very detailed and interesting description of life in Roman times. However, I suspect the soldier supplemented his income with treasure stolen from his vanquished enemy.
Paul Caple
Paul Caple Vor 6 Monate
It is inconceivable that Theodorus would not have access to a small family plot, so they could grow their own produce. And they lived on an island, so the odd fishing trip would not be out of the question. Given that he is committed to farming his landlord's land, he will have had time to take part in other trades in his local community. Also, feast days were fairly common and sacrificed animals would be made available for consumption. So there is a possibility the family had access to meat on such occasions.
U A Vor 2 Monate
the guy was a wagie. didn't have the independent entrepreneur billionaire top-g winner mindset.
Havok Inc.
Havok Inc. Vor 8 Monate
Amazing how he was able to organise stone shipments for the pillars like it was just a case of ordering online 😂 Also I’m wondering how did we go from this to dark Middle Ages
T Oadaly
T Oadaly Vor 8 Monate
Two factors caused the dark ages. Most importantly, it was a 'little ice age' and crop failures were rampant. Secondly though, the church became all powerful and made life generally miserable.
Sasa Grcevic
Sasa Grcevic Vor 2 Monate
@T Oadaly Mongols and other tribes came and burned everything down couple of times and great roman achievements were almost all lost. So we had a fast reboot of civilization (period of dark age).
QWE RTY Vor Monat
@Sasa Grcevic mongol empire is irrelevant to dark age. society advanced very quickly as the mongols were already advanced society they just spread their ways around asia just like rome. it went from sword and bows to early guns, first hand grenades , first cannons, first paper money , the first democracy , semi end of slavery , proto parliament. khan was chosen by the ethnic mongols in the khurultai assembly renewed by every 4 year, chingis khan was former slave. best mongol generals were ordinary blacksmith. in the that time the slave becoming king is unheard of, even more so than the king ending slavery of his own people. the ideas eventually find it way to the rest of the world. without mongol empire we the common people still be slaves , no democracy , no modern system of governance.
Sasa Grcevic
Sasa Grcevic Vor Monat
@QWE RTY You are wrong. They ended existing advanced civilizations. Democracy existed before even Rome in Greece. Better version then today one might argue. Governing was effective back in the day. And people would eventually get out of slavery cause of lack of wars and most came from servitude later in roman history. And mongols didntend shit. Abolition was in 18th century. Roman empire in some key aspects was more advanced then society today, not to mention Athena long before them. People werent dumb back then its just that life was different.
QWE RTY Vor Monat
@Sasa Grcevic they didnt end any advanced civilization they were THE advanced civilization. mongol states started the end of slavery. yassa law 15 No citizen of the empire may take a Mongol for servant or slave. they wouldve ended slavery if not for the black plague that ended mongol empire. mongolia established the eurasian trade routes with an intricate system of roads called yam. the period of time known as pax mongolica. its a fact that yuan dynasty used paper money and had parliament khurultai with unicameral legislature when no one else had at that time.
BF Calixis
BF Calixis Vor year
Fun fact, my country's government (Argentina) has been trying to enforce similar legislation to combat our rampant inflation and, of course, it doesn't work and just makes things worse. But, looking at the bright side, it's a nice homage to Diocletian.
Cue Monthy Python "Always Look On The Bright Side Of Life"
dalfvideos Vor year
ah pero el Cesar Macrium XVI...
justin allen
justin allen Vor year
@Robert Smith this has been happening in the usa since it's founding
Great_OLAF5 Vor year
@justin allen Are you including the several decades where the United States functionally didn't even have a national currency?
Richard Xu
Richard Xu Vor 8 Monate
Great video! I can’t help but replace dinari with dollars, and think about how similar the lives of the ancient Romans are with us today. Thanks for making this! 😊
Danyal Ullah
Danyal Ullah Vor 11 Monate
would love to see videos like this on other historical periods. the lives of common people are always left out of the historical record so this type of video is really fascinating.
Andrew Roby
Andrew Roby Vor 8 Monate
Awesome video, this is great content! Interesting to note the difference from the Biblical account's time and place, when a Denarius was about a day's wages.
AniMageNeBy Vor year
Very interesting! I have some friends who studied old Roman/Greek history, and it really makes clear how advanced Roman society was.
King of kings 👑
Yeah they had salaries taxes contracts like we do nowadays
Alex Vignolo
Alex Vignolo Vor 22 Tage
Thoroughly enjoyed this! More like it plz!
Anja Snyder
Anja Snyder Vor year
I just love these videos. It is the combination of music, the nice drawings and facts I have never heard about that really make me feel like I am diving into ancient Rome. Please keep making these videos!
Crymp Vor year
The music is taken from Stronghold 2... or it's free and Stronghold 2 uses it as well.
Jacques Mertens
Thanks for the insight. I had no idea slaves in Roman times were so insanely expensive. I think my grandparents paid much less for their slaves.
Tal Vor year
This video is about the period long after the age of rapid expansion and hundreds of thousands of war prisoners being sold as slaves every few years.
Master Dreadeye
Master Dreadeye Vor 11 Monate
So your over a hundred years old?
Jacques Mertens
Jacques Mertens Vor 11 Monate
@Master Dreadeye What makes you think that I would be over a hundred years old? My grandparents had servants, between the 50's and the 80's. And they were quite cheap.
Master Dreadeye
Master Dreadeye Vor 11 Monate
@Jacques Mertens servents arent owned like slaves. So no your grandparents didnt own slaves.
Hrothgar the Saxon
Hrothgar the Saxon Vor 11 Monate
@Master Dreadeye His grandfather could have fathered his father at an age of 90+ and his father could have fathered him at an age of 90+. If Jacques is 40, then his grandfather at the age of 20 could have owned slaves 200 years ago. Besides there are still countries where you can buy slaves today.
Matt Fleming
Matt Fleming Vor year
This is so interesting and amazing. Wow. I’d like to believe I would have been the soldier considering I joined the infantry myself. It would have been almost the same. We get some of the same benefits. Cool.
Edge Ldine
Edge Ldine Vor 9 Monate
I always like these kinds of things. I also like to imaging what my life would be like if I lived in Rome or medieval Europe. If it was a parallels to my current life id be a Decanus (basically an NCO) in the legion from a rural part of the empire, so not a bad life unless I was killed or maimed lol
PaleRejent Vor year
I would really like more videos like this, it just shows how life works in the roman era
Tila Sole
Tila Sole Vor 6 Monate
Would love to see another one of these with other public figures.
Jian Li Chew
Jian Li Chew Vor year
It looks to me that ancient Rome was a society where labour was cheap but goods were expensive. I grew up in Malaysia and live in the UK now. I see the same dichotomy, that labour is cheap but not nice things like fancy clothing or food or travel, while it seems to be reverse in the UK, where foreign travel, nicer clothing and buying something nice like smoked salmon or game meat is relatively cheaper (as in a smaller part of your income) but hiring workers or skilled tradesmen is expensive. I see also that food makes up the majority of household expenditure, which is something of a rule of thumb in modern economies, that in poorer economies, expenditure on food makes up a higher proportion of household income than in wealthier economies, though the Romans didn't have to spend on things like electronics, computers, and had a more limited range of entertainment. My modern carnivorous diet would be completely unsustainable in Roman times. Thank you for such an excellent video.
A potato
A potato Vor year
That's a good observation. The reason for the weird reversal in the west is twofold. First of all our agriculture is exceptionally efficient, secondly we outsource or automate most of the production jobs. Simply put luxury items like electronics are still exceptionally expensive... in the countries that produce them. If a factory worker in Asia earns $4/hour assembling $400 laptops they would need to work non-stop for 100 hours. With my job I make almost $40/hour so I'd only need to work 10 hours. By shipping the luxury item to a more affluent nation the relative price drops. This is also true for labor. A native westerner is more expensive than foreign labor. A Polish carpenter will build a house for much less than a Norwegian carpenter because the cost of living in Poland is lower than the cost of living in Norway. This is all to say that the western world is a pretty weird place.
Birg Birg
Birg Birg Vor 9 Monate
@A potato thank you potato
Kyle Davis
Kyle Davis Vor 8 Monate
@A potato exactly, the slaves of the Roman world who did the menial manufacturing work for finished goods have been replaced with the low labor cost and regulatory lax third world arenas worth of workers. Kind of an indirect servitude sort of thing.
redmanticore Vor 2 Monate
@Kyle Davis except capitalism develops their wages with time, too. some are now complaining china is becoming too expensive to outsource, that they need to find cheaper place because wages have naturally risen. people aim for education with the money, they don't want their children to be factory workers like they were for 40 years. chinas GDP has risen multifold in 40 years while western world, at least European unions, GDP has stagnated for 40 years. so its not permanent slavery system compared to romans. in roman times, a slave would be same slave for thousands of years. in capitalism, china has developed and become wealthier in 40 years, a lot wealthier relatively. in 1980, chinas GDP was 190 billion. now it is 17 trillion. that is not ten times increase, that is 89 times increase. they are not slaves, forever stuck. if you think so, that is not only offending to them, but also highly factually incorrect.
Kyle Davis
Kyle Davis Vor 2 Monate
@redmanticore I'll concede that China's GDP has improved drastically over the last forty yeara, and even in the restrictive governmental system thye have, that rising boat has lifted almost all. And, in comparison to the slaves of Ancient Rome, despite still living in a restrictive government, they are better off, on the whole.
John Doe
John Doe Vor year
Love videos like these, really helps to humanize our ancestors.
Vitor Costa
Vitor Costa Vor Monat
This is fascinating, thank you for making this
Ananda Alvarez
Ananda Alvarez Vor Monat
This is awesome.. please more content like this
🐢Thomas Triadopoulos🐦
A concise and thorough exposition on ancient quality of life. Greatly appreciated.
Asmodeus' Tundra
Asmodeus' Tundra Vor 8 Monate
This was a great video! Thank you for going to the trouble of researching and collating all of this information, it was highly entertaining.
SleeplessDev Vor year
Really cool and informative video. I find myself fascinated imagining how different my modern life is compared to ancient people. Yet despite those differences on the surface, we also share so much in common. We still need food, water, and shelter. We still have to work to earn a living. We still start families, smile, laugh, and have fun with friends. We still want to impress our colleagues, and neighbors. We still splurge on the occasional expense to treat ourselves or celebrate. We still have to pay taxes and save what we can. Many things have changed, but many other things are the same as they've always been.
Filaxim Historia
You are very right! The true human nature and instinct did not change a bit. If you took a baby from their time and grew it up in ours, there would be no way to tell it apart from us. 2000 years is too little for us to change! :)
Bane Kondic
Bane Kondic Vor 8 Monate
Programmers that make virtual stuff for pleasure mostly earn the most. They don't improve system for bringing food which is bad, they don't build houses, so yea
U A Vor 2 Monate
​@Bane Kondic no-cushy-webdev-job guy takes an L
manpiabba Vor 26 Tage
As long as we are Homo Sapiens, we will have things in common.
SleeplessDev Vor 25 Tage
@Bane Kondic Programmers are building the modern world, my friend. Most definitely they contribute to the system.
Leonardo Rivera
Wow, excellent video, so detailed. As a retired Army officer (today's Centurion?) with 28 years of service, it gave me flashbacks. Things have changed, but not that much! Thanks.
Lukas G
Lukas G Vor 2 Monate
Getting bitched at to replace expensive uniforms and wasting all your money on booze for parties does sound familiar
Justin Hebert
Justin Hebert Vor 7 Monate
Very thorough, enjoyed the video a lot, keep up the great work!
Peter Vor 2 Monate
Superlative video. I have been teaching History por more than half a century and I love to learn with you. In my peronist Argentina we still use laws with "maximun prices" so we suffer near 130% /150% inflation each year and unstoppable. Cheers from Patagonia.
EroticOnion23 Vor 9 Monate
Did they mention the purity of the denarius? It was 98% silver during Caesar but dropped to just 2-5% during the end of the 3rd century!
Aubrey Sunshine
Aubrey Sunshine Vor 2 Monate
Super interesting and well done video! Thank you for it 😊
Jones Affrou
Jones Affrou Vor year
What a great video! I love learning about the day to day life of our ancestors, especially since there's so much information about battles and politics of the time already.
victoraurel77 Vor 2 Monate
theodorus and his family would also have a small garden around his house or hut , which remained as a tradition for at least 2k years in all colonized regions by the romans , family structure allowed a lot of handcrafting in the house as there were living together more generations in the same house
David Albus
David Albus Vor 2 Monate
I want to see a modern version of this done using the same methodology.
Michael Anderson
Michael Anderson Vor 3 Monate
It was surprising to learn about how industrious medieval serfs were in England. Archeological evidence now shows the average serf owned a gold broach, and laws had to be passed to prevent them from dressing like nobility, as they'd make their own clothes in a similar fashion, able to make a few garments very fine at home, for themselves.
Nathan Miller
Nathan Miller Vor 11 Monate
The fact that a lot of people are commenting that they think the 18th century is the same as the 1800s doesn't give me much hope for humanity. Also the fact that some people think the roman peasant had such a good life because he could save some chump change while doing hard labor with hand tools during the Mediterranean summer time shows me how little these folks appreciate how hard either of those things are even with modern automation.
Nathan Miller
Nathan Miller Vor 8 Monate
@Luca Tonelli I'm not really sure how you came up with that take....
CouchPotatoGaming! Vor 9 Monate
My only concern is with theodorus. When you described his salary you said that he would be paid the Denarii alongside a food ration from his landlord and that the landlord would cover his taxes. If that's the case, why are we bothering to list out his expenditure on things like bread and eggs. Although I don't know for sure, id imagine that it would be things like flour and eggs which would be provided under that rationing system. With food making up such a large part of the budget, i feel like that's something that should be considered.
Matthew Vor 7 Monate
And for the landowner and farmer, it would make far much more sense to pay him in produce than money unless an absolute requirement, given that it would cost him less to give a relatively small portion of it to the farmer than to pay him and transport that much more, unless the margins for $ on food were a lot higher than they seemed after accounting for transporting and selling them.
redmanticore Vor 2 Monate
it wasnt said how much food ration was provided for him and his family. he might have needed to buy food anyway to supplement. maybe it wasn't "you and your family can eat all you can once a day from a buffet" but more like "here is your 1 personal daily egg and a piece of bread." ​ @Matthew if you are not a slave, you wanted more than just food. only slaves were left with just food.
U A Vor 2 Monate
he made the guy and his family eat a different kind of lentil every night. who can live with so much gas? just dip the bread in olive oil and eat. 60 denarii into the piggy bank every week ez.
jort93z Vor Monat
"If that's the case, why are we bothering to list out his expenditure on things like bread and eggs" Did you watch a different video than I did? in the video I just watched, nowhere in theodorus' calculation did he list out the price of things like bread and eggs. Just special things like meat and alcohol...
Baltr Vor Monat
@jort93z ? theodorus is the peasant and LITERALLY THE FIRST EXPENSE is wheat/bread
PhilosoShy's Game Channel!
Absolutely beautiful! Daily life in history is VERY important to our work! Because Ta Mando is directly modeled after Ancient Rome, this is very helpful! Love this stuff and this was a great vid! Keep up the great work!
Matthew Alexander
You simply cannot take Diocletian's edict as representative of actual prices at the time. Obviously, the edict was made because Diocletian thought prices were too high. It was also a complete failure and was annulled not too long afterwards. The only thing we can know for sure is that actual prices were higher than what we see on the edict.
Gary Hightower
Gary Hightower Vor 2 Monate
This is so damn interesting. Bravo!
Dan Richter
Dan Richter Vor 2 Monate
If you could convince the average McDonald's recruit to live as simple as the first guy, they'd have no problem paying all the bills on that income!
BingBongHafu Vor 2 Monate
A correction at 3:58 , I don’t think Romans would’ve had access to kidney beans since they are native to South America. You may be talking about other red beans such as hyacinth bean.
Kinvert Vor 5 Tage
What if birds grabbed them by the husk and carried them to Rome?
Matt C
Matt C Vor 8 Monate
Really interesting, I imagined myself as the Roman legionary since I was in the military, of course if I was the Legionary I'd have 16 years left on my contract lol
Jesse James
Jesse James Vor year
By the way people really need to bring back dressing like their ancestors did. I think they had a very good sense of fashion. The clothes that people in ancient China, Rome, Persia, Sweden, England, and so forth just look immaculate.
Bsoul Vor year
I agree
Works V3
Works V3 Vor year
You couldn’t pay me a billion dollars to wear a puffy shirt or a toga for the rest of my life
Bsoul Vor year
@Works V3 hm it was worth a try
Screamingreen Vor year
@Works V3 I agree, you'd look too good for what you are wearing those
EgoEroTergum Vor year
@Works V3 If your body was better taken care of, you might enjoy showing more of it off.
Impeto94 Vor year
Very interesting video. If the numbers are somewhat accurate it tells a lot about money now compared to back then. Today a boss of a middle-sized company might be as much wealthier than a simple laborer like the farmer and the aristocrat. But nowadays a rich person isn't really able to spent its money on everyday goods like clothing, food and housing so they go for more abstract assets.
Dorol Vor 2 Monate
This was actually extremely interesting!
Random Nintendo Fan
I'd love to see a video about how slaves/women/oppressed ethnic groups/outcasts in general in the Roman Empire lived. Would it be a different picture, you think?
Don Solo
Don Solo Vor 25 Tage
Literally the only difference between now and then is level of technology and levels of general knowledge. That's wild
Hi There
Hi There Vor 9 Monate
This was amazing work! Please do other eras.
Y. B
Y. B Vor year
Great content, would love to watch more on economy with daily examples like this one.
Paul White
Paul White Vor year
I think they would need more than 200 mls/wk of olive oil. They would eat more of it than that, but that's not counting the fact that they also used it as fuel for lamps, for keeping clean and various other purposes. I could see them easily getting through a litre or two per person per week.
U A Vor 2 Monate
they used olive oil as fuel??? what the shit man
Ben RUDOLPH Vor 9 Tage
@U A There's three grades of olive oil - "Extra virgin" - with subtle flavors, is used raw for dipping things like bread, and for salads. - "virgin" - used because cooking heat removes the flavors, used for baking, frying, marinating, basting, soups, coating a pan so food doesn't stick, etc. - "base" - low grade, used for oil lamps and soap making. It's the type that ancient Greeks used to clean themselves at the gym; wipe it on, then used a curved bronze "strigil" to scrape it off along with the dust and sweat from working out.
jmc andre
jmc andre Vor 9 Monate
Thank you for this interesting video . I would kindly suggest that you add a summary of weekly or yearly (better in my view) income and expenses at the end of each section of the video. A comparison with the empire budget or the province budget would also help. I would greatly appreciate a video on the monetary and economic changes that occured in the 3rd century AD . It is not an easy task but it would be great to watch such a work from your team . Many thanks for the work you performed . Kind regards.
child of cascadia
child of cascadia Vor 2 Monate
These are my favorite type of history vids. Most history vids are about the names in the history books, wars, big things. Not the lives of the average people and how they may have lived.
RJJR Vor 11 Monate
Follows the old saying, "The more you make the more you spend". Anyone can save money if they live below their means. Holds true today as it did hundrends of years ago.
benjamin brönnimann
Easy to say from a 1st world perspective but most of the people on this planet don't have the option of living below their means
Nick Monks
Nick Monks Vor 8 Monate
Unless spending below their means includes not eating, unable to afford transportation for work, or being homeless.
*Sweet Chicago GaToR*
Unfortunately, very few in the middle class live below their means. The vast majority are tied to the credit card as consumers for life !! 🤪
*Sweet Chicago GaToR*
Who lives below their means anymore in our modern capitalistic society world? 🤪
Flobbyoiboyz Vor 6 Monate
This was interesting and informative-- thanks!
Diana Hernández
Fantastic video, thanks for giving us something different again, I really enjoyed the dynamic and the small details like why some clothes costed more were a great plus 💞
NEKOmancer Vor year
This kind of ordinarily lifestyle details really makes the history comes alive!
Claire T
Claire T Vor 2 Monate
I'd like history so much more if it was more about what life and society was like and not just wars
ZiggyThe assassin
ZiggyThe assassin Vor 2 Monate
Keep in mind that the reign of diocletian when this was set was well after the "golden age" of Rome in the 1st and 2nd century. Since our society right now feels like we are in our late golden age, it would be a more fair comparison to compare it to around the reign of marcus auralius or commodus.
Luansol Valério Aquino da Silva
I'm not sure about roman's sandals durability, but a week to worn out seems too short. Wasn't it better to consider his yearly income and calculate how much food, entertainment, rent expenses and shoes/clothing he and his family would need in a year?
sunny Vor 2 Monate
i really really enjoyed this video, thank you!
James Gibbs
James Gibbs Vor year
At least the rich fellow is putting his money back into the economy to circulate, not hoarding it. That is what makes economies run well.
Mario Rodriguez
It was his wife's birthday, it was a special occasion. Plus the feasting was not only a flex of wealth, but it was also a time to network with other aristocrats, propose marriage alliances, business opportunities, and ways to get over the Roman state or their workers.
Alioshax Vor year
Actually, speculation was a very serious issue in Ancient Rome, especially at the end of the Republic. And believe me, I don't think that one can say that "the Roman economy worked well". Conquest was the only way Rome has ever managed to sustain its insane expenses (500 000 soldiers active under Diocletian, which is more than almost every nation on Earth today, etc). The inflation was a nightmare, trade was irregular at most, inequalities were prodigious, fraud and extortion were everywhere, and so on. When the Empire stopped conquering under Hadrian, things started to break down.
Fox Vor year
The same happens today too but it's done within companies
Tila Sole
Tila Sole Vor year
What was the average age of a Roman from any class? The second man, the soldier died at 40. Did he die in battle? Don't leave us hanging!
Emie Vor year
One thing that isn't mentioned is that most people viewed work entirely differently back then, as it was pre-industrialization and pre-capitalism. Many people just did as much work as was necessary to live their lives happily and comfortably, so comparing "work weeks" is difficult to do, and that's without even taking into account how much differently pre-industrial agriculture worked in comparison to modern work as well. Even in a society with property and money and wealth and hierarchy, and a proto form of capitalism, most societal work was done to maintain the function of society and people's lives, unlike today where most societal work is done to produce profit. If we produced to live, not for profit, the average human would perform maybe a few hours of labor a week at most. And this is assuming we don't eliminate capitalism and the concept of work, but that's another story. It just saddens me deeply to know that subsistence farmers from 1-2 thousand years ago arguably performed less labor than we did, in terms of average amount of labor per week. And many of them had more control over their lives than people do now. Technology advances at a breakneck speed every year, and yet only the wealthiest typically reap any sort of reward from that. How did it all go so wrong?
Mei-Ling Zhou
Mei-Ling Zhou Vor year
One could argue that’s simply the price we have to pay for advanced civilization. Hunter gatherers worked the least of any group in human history. Next was feudal peasant farmers in the classical and medieval periods. Then the people of today who work the most and the hardest. However, despite the fact we work the hardest of any group in history, we also have the highest standard of living EVER by a vast margin. This is seen as an upward trend as the average person works harder and harder with each successive period. The average person today may work much harder, but also has the standards of living equal to a monarch 400 years ago. Personally, I think it’s an even trade. I may work harder, but I literally live like a king. Seems fair to me 🤷‍♂️.
Kerri Wilson
Kerri Wilson Vor year
You're kidding. Greed isn't new. The drive for financial security isn't new. The ancients worked dawn til dusk for food & shelter. We work 40 hours a week & have a higher standard of living than Queen Victoria at the height of the British Empire.
Asmosis Yup
Asmosis Yup Vor 2 Monate
Interesting reading that last quote, some things never change.
Lawrence Iverson
Lawrence Iverson Vor 3 Tage
Having done a little farming myself , i think I can say That Theodorus could get quite a bit of low--quality meats in the fall . Pig feet , tripe , guts of various sorts. Even tho the Romans liked offal , it has quite a low shelf life , so i guess would be mostly eaten on site .Also , if there were woods close by , he could maybe run a trap line Same for fresh-water fish, tho there may have been laws about this . Interesting how much more of one's income went on clothes .Makes sense , tho , it all had to be woven by hand !! The cost of purple dye is the origin of "" Royal Purple "" Better quality of life , but how long did it last ?? Interesting that the rich guy had more tenants than slaves . Good land was the basis of most wealth ,I think ,tho a soldier who got lucky w/booty could move up quickly enough . If a legion captured a biggish town the resulting slaves were shared out widely Just one young , heathy slave fetched a good price . Tatianus would not do all that farm management . He would have one or more managers to handle most of this . Quite often the tax inspector would be more or less crooked , most often more '!!!!Note that a good horse and a good slave were similar in price !!
*Sweet Chicago GaToR*
From middle class to the rich class, a very interesting weekly summation of living expenses.
Nosotros Los Lobos Estamos Regresando
As a DM myself, your videos help me to flesh all of my sessions, and my player friends enjoy. Thank you!
Hugo Desrosiers-Plaisance
With the price of beef today in our post-covid economy, I usually turn to pork and I feel very lucky that we have some very good quality locally produced pork meat in my region. I had some amazing marinated pork loin tonight. Nevertheless, I definitely see more and more long-lasting vegetables, pasta and legumes coming into my meal options for purely financial reasons. I even see lamb chops on special being more affordable than beef, and you can be sure I leap at those when I see them. We really have no idea just how priviledged we are in our modern society, the extensiveness of the abundance we have access to. Historically speaking, we are beyond spoiled. It's mind numbing that I can just buy frozen smoked salmon at literally any grocery store - and I even have relatively affordable access to non-frozen one at specialty fish stores!
Karol - KO
Karol - KO Vor 11 Monate
amazing video. love content like this. i would like to see video like this about medieval times .
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