The Cognitive Tradeoff Hypothesis

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Humans are the only Earthlings with complex language. But at what cost was that ability acquired? In this episode, I visit Tetsuro Matsuzawa to learn about his influential cognitive tradeoff hypothesis.
Available with DE-vid Premium - de-vid.com/u-premiumoriginals. To see if Premium is available in your country, click here: goo.gl/A3HtfP



mindfieldexperimentsVsaucestanford prisonsociologyfuturismtechnologysciencelearningmind readingChimpanzeeskyotokyoto universityTetsuro MatsuzawalanguagepsychologyMichael Stevensvsauceprimatesbrainneuroscienceevolutionimaginationhistoryevolutionary psychologyjapanresearchcognitioncoginitive tradeoff hypothesismemoryshort term memory



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kacper player28
kacper player28 Vor 28 Minuten
Buy the entire season for nothing Those bastereds are up to somthing
KnowledgeBoy 365
KnowledgeBoy 365 Vor 42 Minuten
5:14 is me in the background when I want to leave somewhere but my mom is still on the phone
Dan P
Dan P Vor 2 Stunden
Not even two minutes in and my mind is already blown with the chimps killing the number game.
connor c
connor c Vor 4 Stunden
Look at monkeysssssssssssssssssssss.
Feyenoord Rotterdam Ultra’s
Dikke boutert
Dirk Simmang
Dirk Simmang Vor 4 Stunden
if we evolved from primates why are primates still here ...?
Lindukuhle Solly
Lindukuhle Solly Vor 5 Stunden
I disagree Mr scientists your theory is so wrong.let me take you to a trip we are created in image of the great being God why you don't get all your answers is because you ignore the history (Bible) that speaks about this great being God the reason you won't find your answers on evolution something happened about the missing link you won't know it you need the supernatural which is God. Let me ask you a question where do you come from what are you doing here on the earth and where are you going to? you can't tell me is mind over matter
Darth Insidious
Darth Insidious Vor 17 Minuten
We come from a complex pattern of chemical reactions that has the unique ability to replicate itself with subtle differences. I have no ultimate purpose in this universe, and the most likely place I'll go is a few places around America before settling down.
Natalie Lange
Natalie Lange Vor 5 Stunden
The cognitive trade off theory is very similar to the theory of Eugene marais set out in his ground breaking work called The Soul of the Ape in 1969.
Coracao Formoso 123
Coracao Formoso 123 Vor 5 Stunden
Santuário de preservação da vida primata. Não aos zoológicos não a exposição dos animais 😭😭😭🦍🦍🦍🇧🇷❤️
Andrew Schaeffer
Andrew Schaeffer Vor 6 Stunden
Take a look at autism & savants. Is it possible they revert back to their “former” high short term memory and low communication memory
Michael Vor 6 Stunden
interestingly Australian indigenous children can do a similar memory task and do much better than indigenous children. However, once they reach puberty the indigenous child loses the ability. It would seem that the indigenous child sees the while pattern and can reproduce it where the non~indigenous works linearly but like Michael, after the first few positions, gets lost.
Magdalena Rak
Magdalena Rak Vor 6 Stunden
Sorry but that doctor is not convincing .
Wack! Vor 6 Stunden
What about ppl with photographic memory
Fork Fork
Fork Fork Vor 7 Stunden
Why couldn't gorilla's have evolved into super intelligent beings like humans instead of chimps? Why couldn't we be giant hulking gorillas with a lot of intelligence ffs.
Björn Westman
Björn Westman Vor 7 Stunden
We can't understand what animals say.... So we think that they don't say anything "smart"....
Jorge Vieira
Jorge Vieira Vor 7 Stunden
This is for sure true lol
Dillon Roark
Dillon Roark Vor 8 Stunden
The earth is flat, stationary and enclosed by a crystalline firmament. Also I don’t watch premium videos.
marijuana maintenance
marijuana maintenance Vor 8 Stunden
It's just really important I say this. I hate your face and stupid thumbnail.
fishyc150 Vor 10 Stunden
We didn't just get kicked out the trees. That makes no sense and we'd have been eaten long before language developed. More likely we were in a somehow isolated forest environment that slowly thinned and died over long periods. Making us now travel further and further on the floor to reach fruit and slowly increasing over generations. We then adapted to spend more and more time out of trees and developed culture/ language to cope.
Shuffelshift Vor 10 Stunden
Dr: Its impossible Michael: 'Hits himself because he cant do it'
Pro Jstax
Pro Jstax Vor 10 Stunden
Being a kid and someone who plays video games on ayumu’s 0.5 second time I could get 5 almost consistently as for the initial time u got to memorize it all I got half of them in the screen time u showed but still nothing compared to ayumu
Petronela White_Anca
Petronela White_Anca Vor 13 Stunden
Now days even the bee knowns where to pollinate @...are kept into captivity and therefore afterwards are realised into wilderness! Very unhealthy ! Sad, sad, sad! Make sure those "scientists" wouldn't apply this "practices" on humans! God help me, you and the sarcastic scientist!
gwen le berre
gwen le berre Vor 14 Stunden
nietzsche le gaie savoir aphorisme 354
el r
el r Vor 15 Stunden
Fucking Nazi, nuclear weapons are ready for your experiment doctor
Robert H
Robert H Vor 16 Stunden
I can't tell the chimps apart. They all look alike.
Vor 17 Stunden
Michael: We are worst in that because we can talk Me: faaaaaaaaakkkkkk
Gottlieb Fischer
Gottlieb Fischer Vor 19 Stunden
What a jerk he was to that chimp
icu rmt
icu rmt Vor 21 Stunde
Ok I call BS ... chimpanzee had plenty of practice....if a person were to practice the human brain can use it's photographic capability and do better than a chimpanzee...I mean no offence to chimpanzees
Paul Productions
Paul Productions Vor 22 Stunden
So they can cram for tests better than us?
Stephen Mayer
Stephen Mayer Vor 23 Stunden
Do you think that if you'd been doing this as long as Ai you could improve to remembering all the numbers?
Дмитрий Романцов
monkey was learning how to perform this task for months. Doesn't seems like fair competition. Also this experiment not quite enough for such kind of loud conclusion.
Ropsana Khanom
The chimps have an amazing memory but I’d be interested to know how good their application is. Probably not as good as ours but I’d like to see where it would fit in the cognitive trade off theory.
danilemark Vor Tag
You're a peace of lying bozzo chut clown
Kurt Slotkowski
Also because we humans often make internal inferences such as those related to moral considerations, often times finding ourselves in a moral quandary. And, as such at least some of us are taking such inferences and from which we derive conclusions that we take to the memory bank.
Missionário Hozane
bUnited.com/convide/BDXC-0237/05/ não deixe de ler sobre esse projeto que salva vidas e ainda te remunera por isso!
Eric McCracken
Y'all broke 😎
Mike Pippins
Mike Pippins Vor Tag
I pay so I don't have to plow 30 commercials in a 2 min video. Not for your shit content. Keep it off my feed, I'm not interested.
Austin Rogers
Austin Rogers Vor 5 Stunden
Ah yes. Michael chooses to put his content on your feed personally. He'll definitely see this comment and make it stop.
Alx Leon
Alx Leon Vor Tag
I don't totally buy it, specially when the guy laughs and says "it's impossible". There is a bias. We use to make so many distinct cognitive tasks in comparisson. Put a human just doing this several months as the chimps and only then compare. Or put a chimp to compete with someone of the fastest at solving Rubik's cube (there one uses short term memory too)
richard hall
richard hall Vor Tag
I would argue that the chimp has had many years more practice doing that? How do chimps progress first time? How quickly do they improve? Is it much faster? How do humans do with non character images? On different backgrounds? It sounds incomplete.
DAMMSE420 Vor Tag
Wie der Jude da schon um Ecke kommt ey xD
Gabriel antonio morais
Biologos e cientistas não querem entender que há uma evolução entre a inteligencia dos animais e do homem... E muito sutil. A inteligência de certos animais e gradativa, segundo o seu tipo de existencia. O homem recebeu a inteligencia do livre arbitrio e da moral, que os animais não teem, mas o homem precisou passar por essas inteligencias anteriores, para receber a sua propria. E onde estão essas inteligências animais e humanas? No espirito. A ciencia já sabe que o raciocinio não esta na carne ou no osso, está na mente. E de onde vem essa capacidade? No espirito. Saiam do materialismo cientistas "do aqui agora", vão entender outros fenomenos, para a ciencia avançar.
Pierre louis
Pierre louis Vor 14 Stunden
Benjamin Libet :de-vid.com/video/video-OjCt-L0Ph5o.html translate.google.com/translate?hl=fr&sl=auto&tl=pt&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lci.fr%2Finsolite%2Fles-chimpanzes-sont-sensibles-a-la-notion-de-bien-et-de-mal-1523553.html noticias.uol.com.br/midiaglobal/nytimes/2007/03/20/ult574u7339.jhtm
Pierre louis
Pierre louis Vor 15 Stunden
libre arbitro te conselho de ver o trabalho de Benjamin Libet Para a moral nos animais simples pesquisa no google e encontras informacoes sobre isso te deixo uns links enbaixo
Pierre louis
Pierre louis Vor 15 Stunden
"Biologos e cientistas não querem entender que há uma evolução entre a inteligencia dos animais e do homem" -Eles sabem que a diferencas ate sabem melhor que a maioria das pessoas nestes comentarios "O homem recebeu a inteligencia do livre arbitrio e da moral, que os animais não teem" - vamos imaginar que o livre arbrito exista (coisa que nao e provada) entao todos os animais a tem. -Moral, ou como destinguir o bem do mal? ja foi observado em chimpanzes entre outros Hominídeos. "E onde estão essas inteligências animais e humanas? No espirito. A ciencia já sabe que o raciocinio não esta na carne ou no osso, está na mente. -ta num orgao chamado cerebro... conhece? agora tenho varias perguntas: 1) onde tao as provas do que voce afirma? 2) tem provas da existencia do espirito? 3)vamos dizer que livre arbrito existe, onde tao as provas que animais nao tem livre arbrito ? 4)Prova que animais nao tem moral?
Dary Delmar Elias
Podemos aprender muito com nossos primos chimps, gorilas e gonobos. Eles vivem de uma maneira simples, não se preocupam com passado e futuro. E no presente, se preocupam em compartilhar e comer. E este vídeo prova q têm mais capacidade cognitiva nos sentidos da percepção, associação, memória e atenção. Os humanos, por sua vez, além dos sentidos acima, têm o raciocínio, juízo, imaginação, pensamento e linguagem. Porém ai vai a pergunta : qual desses primatas q está destruindo o nosso querido planeta Terra !!??
brant Joyce
brant Joyce Vor Tag
Your dick is so small your nose so long reverse them wheres your hair dont let me ever see you look over your pussy back.
Nachingone5q Vor Tag
The questions is, did Ayumu have a learning curve? Which is what I believe we're seeing in the human experiment
Paul Mccoy
Paul Mccoy Vor Tag
Can they teach chimpanzees to accurately shoot machine guns and throw hand grenades...not yet?.....THANK GOD.
Paul Mccoy
Paul Mccoy Vor Tag
+Max Xam that's scary only because it sounds so doable lol👍👍👍
Max Xam
Max Xam Vor Tag
I'd suggest enhancing their brains by removing parts of it and replacing it with computers. That would make chimps programable and even remotely controlled by a human operator. Cheaper than constructing an entire robotic body.
marco antonio lofego lobo
Visual memory !
Jasmine Jones
So just because the monkeys left the trees that’s why they evolved, what? so stupid.
Austin Rogers
Austin Rogers Vor 5 Stunden
"I don't understand how something works therefore it is stupid"
Max Xam
Max Xam Vor Tag
They evolved before that, you ignorant fool, and they're evolving to this day. All living animals are, including ourselves.
Jasmine Jones
God made HUMANS.
JRLM Vor Tag
You make this short ride on spaceship earth worth it.
The Dread Man P
The reason why none of this is correct is that human are genetically closer to pigs. Go figure
Rocskatu Vor Tag
So basically the answer to "why did I forget what I was gonna say?" Is "because you can speak"
Samy Sonata
Samy Sonata Vor Tag
You just keep on giving! I'm so glad you keep continuing this searies! Thank you Michael.
WTF how bizarre
Inuyama is Aichi Prefecture. i've been to Little World in Inuyama.
martha lucia Quintana
Cómo tengo esto en versión español por favor?
Skeleton Man
Skeleton Man Vor Tag
Was anyone else hoping for a fight after the Michael vs. chimp screen?
Michael John
Michael John Vor Tag
Makes so much sense that NASA and Russia’s equivalent were using Chimps or training them to see if they could use these primates in their SPACE Programs. Now that we have computers that are faster than any species or any human being we no longer have the need for anything of this nature. Now it’s just good science. Maybe studying these animals will lead us down the path of brain regeneration and the fight against Alzheimer’s disease.
Carlos Orrego
Es impresionante el amor que demuestran al doctor
when you spend all your skill points on speech.
Gamba Vor Tag
22:08 == de-vid.com/video/video-Cy4mztkndHk.html
Michael Mallal
Michael Mallal Vor 2 Tage
Australian Indigenous language is also under threat and many have been lost. Probably many traditional dances have been lost too but no-one seems very interested.
Michael Mallal
Michael Mallal Vor 2 Tage
I have fake chimps captured on 2001 a Space Odyssey.
Michael Mallal
Michael Mallal Vor 2 Tage
Ai probably didn't go through Tokyo University either.
jordy van de ven
jordy van de ven Vor 2 Tage
I did this kind of test with some friends of mine. You got max 150 points per puzzle and you would only get that score if you did it fast. My friends got an end score of around 800 points. I got 6000. I don’t know why i achieved such a high score compared to them but i think its pretty cool. I am good at memorising but i am also pretty developed in my speech, don’t really understand why.
Michael Mallal
Michael Mallal Vor 2 Tage
We use the power of imagination to develop a-bombs. Just ask the Japanese.
Michael Mallal
Michael Mallal Vor 2 Tage
Sounds like Lemarkism.
Michael Mallal
Michael Mallal Vor 2 Tage
Chimps may have very good eyesight too, but deteriorating looking at screens.
Junior Gomes
Junior Gomes Vor 2 Tage
156k which came from monkey, not from God!
אור יוסף פלח
Im believe in evolution and in god of bible in hebrew is not problem.
Bracing Strength
Bracing Strength Vor 2 Tage
Is there a place online where this test is available?
Austin Kent
Austin Kent Vor 2 Tage
Are Americans really that stupid they need subtitles for a Japanese accent.
The knock Time
The knock Time Vor 2 Tage
Elephants in indian village-- de-vid.com/video/video-hkkZZ4l2l6w.html
RealestRealist Vor 2 Tage
At 4:36 you see me trying to figure out where it all went wrong
Zane DuFour
Zane DuFour Vor 2 Tage
This guy needs to be put into a melodysheep video
Q Ables
Q Ables Vor 2 Tage
Wow it's amazing these morons are still trying to pretend we evolved from apes. Geez
Austin Rogers
Austin Rogers Vor 5 Stunden
The morons who have spent their entire lives dedicated to researching the subjects using empirical methods know way less than you do for sure. Your armchair biology is surely correct. The Earth is also 6000 years old right?
3iii's Vor 2 Tage
The more i study history the more i realize it's all corrupted and a lie, if you wanna believe we came from monkeys that's on you. Our anatomy is alot closer to pigs which is why they do human tests on pigs and our brains are closely linked to rats brains which is why they do tests on them, i forget which plant it might be fungus but i heard we share more dna with a plant than we do with monkeys
Austin Rogers
Austin Rogers Vor 5 Stunden
You definitely know more than PHD biologists and sociologists. That's not arrogant at all. No, you've done plenty of research at the University of DE-vid.
Alisa Ushakova
Alisa Ushakova Vor 2 Tage
Wish DE-vid was filled with more content like this, instead of the gossip and trash we usually see.
Elle Sunshine
Elle Sunshine Vor 2 Tage
Sharing is caring folks ❤
Justice Warrior
Justice Warrior Vor 2 Tage
VGREED Is what this channel has become!!!
Spotlight Marketing
*Cannot **_stand_** this baldheaded caterpillar-browed absolute bald-faced LIAR (no pun intended!)*
Jo Jo Johnson
Jo Jo Johnson Vor 2 Tage
He told me to tell you to tell thor to tell iron man that without taking viagra he would be wouldnt be iron man and also to stop HATIN' BISHHHHH
James Yuyu
James Yuyu Vor 2 Tage
Is there any human 9 Numbers test in the internet?
Legal Occupier
Legal Occupier Vor 2 Tage
22:05 the professor talking chimpanzee gave me chills!
Ange Lom
Ange Lom Vor 2 Tage
Every single life form is intelligent, we just don't know it yet.
Helison Vor 2 Tage
The specialists don't try do same thing? If we training every day to eat, it's certainly we get the same capability.
Anamanous Vor 2 Tage
Lol monkey butthole
Peter Clement
Peter Clement Vor 2 Tage
Wonderful. Thankyou
So a video on that... The link between monkey and man. Oh, you can't BECAUSE it doesn't exist. We were created in God's image.
J C Vor 2 Tage
Here we go with the fake God bullshit
Jesus loves you and God created language. If your Correct, why has there never been a link from nibbler to man discovered. They thought they did but found out that it was a pigs jaw...
andres martinez
andres martinez Vor 2 Tage
I guess there is a savant who could match ayumu.
andres martinez
andres martinez Vor 2 Tage
Ayumu holds more details of an image in his head, not longer, just more resolution, and i guess he makes a path with the numbers quicker like hes navigating a forest. Visual cortex.
Zach Scorsone
Zach Scorsone Vor 2 Tage
What about humans that have language and photographic memories? How does their brain fit both capabilities? And if its possible why would it have to be a tradeoff? Is it possible a human could train to be as good as the chimp?
Randy Singh
Randy Singh Vor 2 Tage
Was not expecting the stranger things intro
lupsaman Vor 3 Tage
Bro... We're at 33% capacity... We're a slave race. We've been genetically modified, we are dumb by design.
Rafa Hechavarria
Rafa Hechavarria Vor 3 Tage
How do you know? You don’t. 🤪
Joshua Rubin
Joshua Rubin Vor 3 Tage
I'd like to see a speed chess player have a week with the program and see how he performs. I cant see this as being an impossibility to humans, maybe some random guy on his first try, but our adaption ability always gives us a sharp learning curve especially at the beginning.
fruits punch samurai
Is this show worth it to get the DE-vid premium? I just want to watch more vsauce.
Lucas Dias
Lucas Dias Vor 3 Tage
You have to see the whole not the individuality.
pollitical junkie
DE-vid sucks
plejaren giants
plejaren giants Vor 3 Tage
This is the biggest bunch of Darwinist bullshit I've ever heard. It's all horse shit lol.
Rafa Hechavarria
Rafa Hechavarria Vor 3 Tage
Not all people, however you put a human in a perfect quiet environment and have their thoughts just concentrating on this, then we could see a change in their brain.
jzeefadez Vor 3 Tage
This has been known for years if not decades
SSJ Gokhan
SSJ Gokhan Vor 3 Tage
Thing is these chimps are raised learning this, if you raised a human to do these same task over and over they would do better
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